A NSW Government website


Information to help prepare for, monitor, and manage seasonal conditions and drought.

State Seasonal Update

Up-to-date information about current seasonal conditions. Find out about drought, rainfall and temperature over the past month, outlook for the coming three months or get a detailed breakdown of conditions for your region.

Combined Drought Indicator

This interactive tool provides a snapshot of current seasonal conditions for NSW, factoring in rainfall, soil moisture and modelled pasture/crop growth indices. By accounting for the effectiveness of rainfall, the CDI provides a more comprehensive indicator of drought conditions.

Bureau of Meteorology

The Bureau of Meteorology is Australia's national weather, climate and water agency. Its expertise and services assist Australians in dealing with harsh realities of their natural environment, including drought, floods, fires, storms, tsunami and tropical cyclones.

Farm Tracker App

Farm Tracker is a simple tool you can use to help monitor seasonal conditions on your property.

Climate Smart Pilots

Establishing practical trials with NSW farmers to understand how digital technology-use, through data collection and decision-making tools, can help in responding and adapting to climate change.

Five forecast tools to help you make better decisions

As part of the MLA-supported 'Forewarned is Forearmed' project, the Bureau of Meteorology has launched five seasonal climate forecasting tools to provide more insight into the possibility of extreme weather events

Farming Forecaster

Farming Forecaster brings together relevant weather, soil moisture, pasture production and livestock performance information to assist in decision-making.

The Climate Dogs

Understanding what influences Australia’s climate at key farm decision-making points throughout the year is crucial. The Climate Dogs animation series uses sheepdogs to explain complex atmospheric phenomena. The series has been developed in collaboration with the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and the Victorian Department of Primary Industries.


Is the Madden Julian Oscillation of tropical systems near the equator, which can influence Australia’s weather and climate, especially during the warmest months of the year.


Otherwise known as the Subtropical Ridge is the lead dog of the pack. RIDGY's position and intensity have a significant influence on weather in NSW. Recent changes in RIDGY's behaviour appear to be driving some significant changes to southern NSW rainfall patterns.


Represents the El Niño Southern Oscillation. Changes in ENSO's behaviour has a significant influence on rainfall probabilities in inland NSW during the winter and spring period.


Represents the Indian Ocean Dipole. Like ENSO, changes in INDY's behaviour also has a significant influence on rainfall probabilities in inland NSW during winter and spring.


Represents the Southern Annular Mode and is a complex climate dog. Recent changes in SAM's behaviour increase probabilities of rainfall in spring and summer in some parts of NSW.


The East Coast Low phenomena represents the deep low pressure systems that are an important climate feature along the southeast coast of Australia.